BITO LEO Locative

What is LEO Locative?

  • LEO Locative is an automated guided vehicle (AGV).
  • LEO Locative moves bins and cartons around your premises.
  • The LEO vehicle links workstations and performs in-house transports tasks.
  • Transfer stations facilitate pick-up and drop-off of loads transported by LEO.
  • LEO Locative vehicles follow floor markers (decentralised routing).

What can it do for you?

  • LEO LOCATIVE follows an optical track
  • Navigation commands and tasks are transmitted via floor markers
  • Designed for bins, containers and cartons sized 600 x 400 mm
  • Accepts loads of up to 20 kg
  • Operates with a speed of 0.8 m/s
  • Battery duration at least 8 hours

LEO Locative – There is no easier way to move your bins from one workstation to another - or rather have them moved!


LEO Locative – The vehicle

Self-guided and user-friendly

  • 1
    Load grippers plus bin identification sensors
    • This function ensures that the right bin is picked up or dropped off at a transfer station
    • LEO Locative recognises filling levels
  • 2
    Load tray
    • Optimised for bins sized:
      600 x 400 mm and 400 x 300 mm
  • 3
    Emergency push button
    • The »just-in-case« safety button
    • Easy-to-see-and-reach button
  • 4
    Battery case on the rear side of LEO vehicles
    • Holds battery to feed LEO Locative
    • Battery duration at least 8 hours
    • Battery can be recharged in the case or can be exchanged against a new battery
  • 5
    Status indicator
    • On/off button
    • Receiver of workstation signal
  • 6
    Stop & Go sensor on the rear side of LEO vehicles
    • Reactivates LEO LOCATIVE after a standstill without manual intervention
    • Sensor gives start-up signal as soon as it detects feet moving in front
  • 7
    Proximity sensor
    • Detects obstacles
    • Maintains distance to vehicles riding ahead

The Components

Transfer stations - ensure efficient loading and unloading

  • LEO LOCATIVE vehicles pick up loads at the transfer points or take loads waiting at a station without interrupting the operational flow.
    LEO LOCATIVE vehicles do not stop for loading or unloading bins. Transfer stations can be installed and relocated without major preparations.

    Additional options for this productPicking/sorting table

    • Picking and sorting tasks can be performed directly at a transfer station
    • Pick-up buffer
    • Drop-off buffer

Path detection and path layout

    • The path is simply marked by red adhesive tape.
    • The vehicle route must be a closed loop.
    • Heavy duty tapes are available for use in high traffic areas.
    • Adhesive tracks allow flexible re-routing at any time if the course needs to change.

Markers – Tapes with embedded codes show the way

  • Markers are adhesive signal transmitters along the path of an AGV. The codes provide information as to the path layout and target points, but can also give operating commands to the LEO vehicle.

    Markers allow operators to feed the LEO LOCATIVE system with their requirements.

    Path select markers:

    • Based on the programmed path layout, these markers transmit the location of transfer points, f. ex. "Turn right at the next junction to reach station 2"

    Target markers:

    • Transmit commands to the LEO vehicle, f. ex. "Go to transfer station 3"
    • The LEO system allows to change ID numbers of transfer stations
    • The target station is simply entered via a display and the LEO e-ink reader will direct the vehicle to its target point

    Steering commands:

    • allow speed control, f. ex. with the "Slow down" command
    • This allows to react to changing conditions in an operational area, f. ex. to increased pedestrian traffic

Your benefits

General advantages

    • LEO Locative can be immediately implemented (Plug & Work / Plug & Play).
    • LEO Locative is very flexible and can be customised to specific needs and changed as and when needed.
      Operators can change a course quickly and without external support.
    • LEO Locative does not need a wireless local area network (WLAN) or a central computer
    • Transfer stations ensure fast and easy bin pick-up and drop-off

Substantial reduction of walking distances

Repetitive movement of materials is very common in manufacturing and distribution facilities. Even small distances add up to an impressive amount of time spent on unproductive activities.

LEO Locative does not occupy valuable aisle space

  • Since LEO vehicles move on tape paths, no floor-mounted structures as would be required for conveyors obstruct trafficways.
  • The entire floor space remains clear for pedestrians or vehicles.

Improved ergonomics

  • Transfer stations and transport vehicles have been adapted to the optimum working height.
  • This reduces the need for manual lifting and lowering of loads.
  • Depending on the weight and nature of the goods to be handled, plant operators can cut back the number of lifting aids.

Flexible adaptation to new needs

    • The number of vehicles can be adapted to growing/decreasing volumes of operation
    • Re-routing and network expansion is easy to realise
    • Tasks and transfer stations can be added or removed as required
    • The system can be changed up without external support

Optimised material flow between production lines

  • Distances between machines or workstations are no longer an issue. LEO Locative moves your materials or semi-finished products.
  • There is no need to relocate machinery if production sequences change.
  • The time it takes to transport a load from A to B can be used as time buffer between processing steps. In-house transport times become predictable and manufacturing steps can be precisely timed.
  • The space between machines and workstations remain clear of goods!

Less downtime

  • Machine operators often have to attend to several machines and assume distribution tasks while machines are running.
  • As operators cannot give the same degree of attention to simultaneous processes, process interruptions are inevitable.
  • By reducing the amount of distribution work, operators can focus on feeding and monitoring the machines in their area of responsibility.
  • The resulting rise in efficiency guarantees a fast return on investment in LEO LOCATIVE.

Areas of application

Production logistics

  • Application example

    • Assembly is effected at several workstations.
    • LEO can be programmed to at each workstation for picking up work in progress or finished goods and moving them to another target point.
    • This could be a storage area or a station for further product treatment.


    • Goods never pile up at the workstations
    • No loss of space in the production area since orders are completed and palletised in the dispatch department/warehouse
    • No sorting of goods at the workstations
    • Goods are automatically moved to the stockroom – walking distances are substantially reduced


  • Application example

    • Every order picker only picks goods in his storage area
    • The picked goods are then placed at the transfer stations on the LEO path
    • LEO moves picked goods to the goods-out department
    • This workflow also functions the other way round: new deliveries, returned goods or picked goods (still in the bin which has been attributed to that order) can be sent enroute to the warehouse


    • Order pickers do not have to walk to the dispatch department
    • Increased pick performance in the same amount of time
    • Preparation for dispatch can be done in less time, as order pickers only move in their storage area. Orders are collated in the dispatch department.

Distribution of work in progress or finished goods

  • Application example

    • Products are sent from a workstation to one or several subsequent stations, because
    • several product variations need to be manufactured or because
    • additional manufacturing volume is needed to cope with a higher batch volume
    • Hold markers allow to keep products waiting on the path and send them on as soon as machine timing demands further supplies.


    • Operators no longer have to walk long distances.
    • No human supervision is needed for in-house transport.
    • Travel routes can be used as additional storage space.
    • The space between machines and workstations remain clear of goods and on-floor structures.

QM transports

  • Application example

    • Products are manufactured or assembled by a machine.
    • Before undergoing further treatment, these products have to be checked in the quality control department not located next to the manufacturing area.
    • LEO LOCATIVE is the ideal "transporter" to the QM department.
    • After quality checks have been done, the products are moved to the next workstation.


    • Operators no longer have to walk long distances
    • No errors – processes are clearly defined
    • LEO vehicles "absorb" even long distances between quality check points and production points